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chown> <chgrp
[edit] Last updated: Sat, 12 May 2012

view this page in

chmod

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

chmodChanges file mode

Description

bool chmod ( string $filename , int $mode )

Attempts to change the mode of the specified file to that given in mode.

Parameters

filename

Path to the file.

mode

Note that mode is not automatically assumed to be an octal value, so strings (such as "g+w") will not work properly. To ensure the expected operation, you need to prefix mode with a zero (0):

<?php
chmod
("/somedir/somefile"755);   // decimal; probably incorrect
chmod("/somedir/somefile""u+rwx,go+rx"); // string; incorrect
chmod("/somedir/somefile"0755);  // octal; correct value of mode
?>

The mode parameter consists of three octal number components specifying access restrictions for the owner, the user group in which the owner is in, and to everybody else in this order. One component can be computed by adding up the needed permissions for that target user base. Number 1 means that you grant execute rights, number 2 means that you make the file writeable, number 4 means that you make the file readable. Add up these numbers to specify needed rights. You can also read more about modes on Unix systems with 'man 1 chmod' and 'man 2 chmod'.

<?php
// Read and write for owner, nothing for everybody else
chmod("/somedir/somefile"0600);

// Read and write for owner, read for everybody else
chmod("/somedir/somefile"0644);

// Everything for owner, read and execute for others
chmod("/somedir/somefile"0755);

// Everything for owner, read and execute for owner's group
chmod("/somedir/somefile"0750);
?>

Return Values

Returns TRUE on success or FALSE on failure.

Notes

Note:

The current user is the user under which PHP runs. It is probably not the same user you use for normal shell or FTP access. The mode can be changed only by user who owns the file on most systems.

Note: This function will not work on remote files as the file to be examined must be accessible via the server's filesystem.

Note:

When safe mode is enabled, PHP checks whether the files or directories you are about to operate on have the same UID (owner) as the script that is being executed. In addition, you cannot set the SUID, SGID and sticky bits.

See Also



chown> <chgrp
[edit] Last updated: Sat, 12 May 2012
 
add a note add a note User Contributed Notes chmod
h dot kuppens at cs dot ru dot nl 29-Aug-2011 02:51
For recursive chmod'ing both files and directories in one step you can use the function below. Note that this function has one argument for directory permissions and one for file permissions.
In this way you can apply the 'x' permission on directories, and skip it on directories. This function also skips links.

Example usage :

   chmod_R( 'mydir', 0666, 0777);

Makes all files and directories within mydir/ directory accessible for everyone, but doesn't make the files executable.

I guess for very deeply nested directories the recursion with php can become problematic, but I can be wrong because I never investigated this.

<?php
function chmod_R($path, $filemode, $dirmode) {
    if (
is_dir($path) ) {
        if (!
chmod($path, $dirmode)) {
           
$dirmode_str=decoct($dirmode);
            print
"Failed applying filemode '$dirmode_str' on directory '$path'\n";
            print
"  `-> the directory '$path' will be skipped from recursive chmod\n";
            return;
        }
       
$dh = opendir($path);
        while ((
$file = readdir($dh)) !== false) {
            if(
$file != '.' && $file != '..') {  // skip self and parent pointing directories
               
$fullpath = $path.'/'.$file;
               
chmod_R($fullpath, $filemode,$dirmode);
            }
        }
       
closedir($dh);
    } else {
        if (
is_link($path)) {
            print
"link '$path' is skipped\n";
            return;
        }
        if (!
chmod($path, $filemode)) {
           
$filemode_str=decoct($filemode);
            print
"Failed applying filemode '$filemode_str' on file '$path'\n";
            return;
        }
    }
}
?>
Andrey P. 01-Mar-2011 02:23
I was trying to change permissions of a folder with chmod command with FTP connection. (I needed a writable folder to upload pictures with php)

I got the following respond:
"SITE CHMOD 777 uploads: command not understood"

The reason: Server is running under Windows system that does not allow to set file permissions via FTP. Conversely, the UNIX-running servers allow that.

Solutions:

1. If your web hosting provider has a web-based control panel that lets you set file permissions, then you need to login there and make changes.

2. It is possible to contact the hosting provider and ask them about this issue; maybe they can make the changes.

3. It is possible to change the hosting provider that has servers run on UNIX, and keep the site there.
MethodicalFool 02-Sep-2010 09:46
BEWARE, a couple of the examples in the comments suggest doing something like this:

chmod(file_or_dir_name, intval($mode, 8));

However, if $mode is an integer then intval( ) won't modify it.  So, this code...

$mode = 644;
chmod('/tmp/test', intval($mode, 8));

...produces permissions that look like this:

1--w----r-T

Instead, use octdec( ), like this:

chmod(file_or_dir_name, octdec($mode));

See also: http://www.php.net/manual/en/function.octdec.php
Geoff W 08-Feb-2010 02:13
BEWARE using quotes around the second parameter...

If you use quotes eg

chmod (file, "0644");

php will not complain but will do an implicit conversion to an int before running chmod. Unfortunately the implicit conversion doesn't take into account the octal string so you end up with an integer version 644, which is 1204 octal
shelby at coolpage dot com 21-Nov-2009 04:10
Apparently there is a way to emulate chmod on Windows:

http://www.php.net/manual/en/function.chmod.php#68384
http://neosmart.net/dl.php?id=4

Apparently the way the above works is that Windows has file permissions and they are more complex.  To access them, turn off (uncheck) Windows Explorer -> Tool menu -> File Options -> View -> Use simple sharing.  Then right-click any file or folder, to access the Security tab.  This is known as Windows ACL (access control layer?). You may turn on (check) Use simple sharing again after making any settings to Security and these settings will be retained. You may need to be logged on as a user in the Administrators group to access some permissions on some files, i.e. User Accounts in Control Panel and see Start menu -> Run -> lusrmgr.msc and gpedit.msc.
david at ordal dot com 03-Aug-2009 12:24
An improvement on the recursive chmod from nicolas@infosoft.... in July 2008. This is a little shorter and should handle all types of linux filesystem files.

<?php
function chmodr($path, $filemode) {
    if (!
is_dir($path))
        return
chmod($path, $filemode);

   
$dh = opendir($path);
    while ((
$file = readdir($dh)) !== false) {
        if(
$file != '.' && $file != '..') {
           
$fullpath = $path.'/'.$file;
            if(
is_link($fullpath))
                return
FALSE;
            elseif(!
is_dir($fullpath) && !chmod($fullpath, $filemode))
                    return
FALSE;
            elseif(!
chmodr($fullpath, $filemode))
                return
FALSE;
        }
    }

   
closedir($dh);

    if(
chmod($path, $filemode))
        return
TRUE;
    else
        return
FALSE;
}
?>
Meaulnes Legler 10-Jul-2009 07:38
Another converter from 'rwx' mode to octal, but considering the setuid/setgid and sticky bits, too. Also the reverse function, converts from octal to 'rwx' mode. Both ignore the leading 'd' or '-' since no directory nor file information is provided.

<?php
function ModeRWX2Octal($Mode_rwx) {    // enter rwx mode, e.g. 'drwxr-sr-x'
   
if ( ! preg_match("/[-d]?([-r][-w][-xsS]){2}[-r][-w][-xtT]/", $Mode_rwx) )
        die(
"wrong <TT>-rwx</TT> mode in ModeRWX2Octal('<TT>$Mode_rwx</TT>')");
   
$Mrwx = substr($Mode_rwx, -9);    // 9 chars from the right-hand side
   
$ModeDecStr     = (preg_match("/[sS]/",$Mrwx[2]))?4:0;    // pick out sticky
   
$ModeDecStr    .= (preg_match("/[sS]/",$Mrwx[5]))?2:0;    // _ bits and change
   
$ModeDecStr    .= (preg_match("/[tT]/",$Mrwx[8]))?1:0;    // _ to e.g. '020'
   
$Moctal     = $ModeDecStr[0]+$ModeDecStr[1]+$ModeDecStr[2];    // add them
   
$Mrwx = str_replace(array('s','t'), "x", $Mrwx);    // change execute bit
   
$Mrwx = str_replace(array('S','T'), "-", $Mrwx);    // _ to on or off
   
$trans = array('-'=>'0','r'=>'4','w'=>'2','x'=>'1');    // prepare for strtr
   
$ModeDecStr    .= strtr($Mrwx,$trans);    // translate to e.g. '020421401401'
   
$Moctal    .= $ModeDecStr[3]+$ModeDecStr[4]+$ModeDecStr[5];    // continue
   
$Moctal    .= $ModeDecStr[6]+$ModeDecStr[7]+$ModeDecStr[8];    // _ adding
   
$Moctal    .= $ModeDecStr[9]+$ModeDecStr[10]+$ModeDecStr[11];  // _ triplets
   
return $Moctal;    // returns octal mode, e.g. '2755' from above.
}
function
ModeOctal2rwx($ModeOctal) { // enter octal mode, e.g. '644' or '2755'
   
if ( ! preg_match("/[0-7]{3,4}/", $ModeOctal) )    // either 3 or 4 digits
       
die("wrong octal mode in ModeOctal2rwx('<TT>$ModeOctal</TT>')");
   
$Moctal = ((strlen($ModeOctal)==3)?"0":"").$ModeOctal;    // assume default 0
   
$Mode3 = substr($Moctal,-3);    // trailing 3 digits, no sticky bits considered
   
$RWX = array ('---','--x','-w-','-wx','r--','r-x','rw-','rwx');    // dumb,huh?
   
$Mrwx = $RWX[$Mode3[0]].$RWX[$Mode3[1]].$RWX[$Mode3[2]];    // concatenate
   
if (preg_match("/[1357]/", $Moctal[0])) $Mrwx[8] = ($Mrwx[8]=="-")?"T":"t";
    if (
preg_match("/[2367]/", $Moctal[0])) $Mrwx[5] = ($Mrwx[5]=="-")?"S":"s";
    if (
preg_match("/[4567]/", $Moctal[0])) $Mrwx[2] = ($Mrwx[2]=="-")?"S":"s";
    return
$Mrwx;    // returns e.g. 'rw-r--r--' or 'rwxr-sr-x'
}
?>

following test code returns the results below

<?php
$Mode
= "-rw-rw-r--";
echo
"<BR>ModeRWX2Octal(<TT>$Mode) -&gt;</TT> ".ModeRWX2Octal($Mode)."\n";
$Mode = "drwxr-sr-x";
echo
"<BR>ModeRWX2Octal(<TT>$Mode) -&gt;</TT> ".ModeRWX2Octal($Mode)."\n";
$Mode = "644";
echo
"<BR>ModeOctal2rwx($Mode) <TT>-&gt; ".ModeOctal2rwx($Mode)."</TT>\n";
$Mode = "2755";
echo
"<BR>ModeOctal2rwx($Mode) <TT>-&gt; ".ModeOctal2rwx($Mode)."</TT>\n";
?>

ModeRWX2Octal(-rw-rw-r--) -> 0664
ModeRWX2Octal(drwxr-sr-x) -> 2755
ModeOctal2rwx(644) -> rw-r--r--
ModeOctal2rwx(2755) -> rwxr-sr-x
sander 25-Jun-2009 11:06
if you want to chmod directories too, use this

<?php
$iterator
= new RecursiveIteratorIterator(new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($pathname), RecursiveIteratorIterator::SELF_FIRST);

foreach(
$iterator as $item) {
   
chmod($item, $filemode);
}
?>
Anonymous 24-Jun-2009 08:05
Just wanted to point out that the RecursiveIteratorIterator method below won't chmod directories, it only catches files.  I haven't been able to find a way to change it so that it catches directories too yet.
Anonymous 24-Dec-2008 02:14
Changes file mode recursive in $pathname to $filemode

<?php

$iterator
= new RecursiveIteratorIterator(new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($pathname));

foreach(
$iterator as $item) {
   
chmod($item, $filemode);
}

?>
nicolas at infosoft dot inf dot br 07-Jul-2008 05:37
I use the code of haasje@welmers.net, but have a lite alteration. (linux symlink)

<?php
function chmod_R($path, $filemode) {
    if (!
is_dir($path))
        return
chmod($path, $filemode);

   
$dh = opendir($path);
    while ((
$file = readdir($dh)) !== false) {
        if(
$file != '.' && $file != '..') {
           
$fullpath = $path.'/'.$file;
            if(
is_link($fullpath))
                return
FALSE;
            elseif(!
is_dir($fullpath))
                if (!
chmod($fullpath, $filemode))
                    return
FALSE;
            elseif(!
chmod_R($fullpath, $filemode))
                return
FALSE;
        }
    }

   
closedir($dh);

    if(
chmod($path, $filemode))
        return
TRUE;
    else
        return
FALSE;
}
?>
thanks alls
paul maybe at squirrel mail org 24-Apr-2008 05:09
Note that info at rvgate dot nl's chmodnum function produces INCORRECT results.  The resutls are base-10 numbers that only LOOK like they are octal numbers.  The function also ignores setuid, setgid and sticky bits, and will produce incorrect numbers if such a file is encountered.  Instead, this brute-force code works.  Maybe there is something more slick, but this isn't too CPU-intensive (note that it assumes you've error-checked that you indeed have a 10-character string!):

<?php
      $permissions
= 'drwxr-xr-x'// or whatever
     
$mode = 0;

      if (
$permissions[1] == 'r') $mode += 0400;
      if (
$permissions[2] == 'w') $mode += 0200;
      if (
$permissions[3] == 'x') $mode += 0100;
      else if (
$permissions[3] == 's') $mode += 04100;
      else if (
$permissions[3] == 'S') $mode += 04000;

      if (
$permissions[4] == 'r') $mode += 040;
      if (
$permissions[5] == 'w') $mode += 020;
      if (
$permissions[6] == 'x') $mode += 010;
      else if (
$permissions[6] == 's') $mode += 02010;
      else if (
$permissions[6] == 'S') $mode += 02000;

      if (
$permissions[7] == 'r') $mode += 04;
      if (
$permissions[8] == 'w') $mode += 02;
      if (
$permissions[9] == 'x') $mode += 01;
      else if (
$permissions[9] == 't') $mode += 01001;
      else if (
$permissions[9] == 'T') $mode += 01000;

     
printf('Mode is %d decimal and %o octal', $mode, $mode);
?>
zual__ at gogo dot mn 31-Oct-2007 04:53
greate ftp newfolder=dir;
chmod --dir change 777;

<?php
$ftp_server
='server';
$conn_id = ftp_connect("$ftp_server");
ftp_login($conn_id, user, password);
ftp_mkdir($conn_id, dir/dir);
ftp_site($conn_id, 'CHMOD 777, dir/dir');
ftp_close($conn_id);
?>
til_roque at yahoo dot com 10-Oct-2007 08:03
Problem:
you are trying to circumvent SAFE_MODE setting that prevents you from using chmod() on files you uploaded via a regular ftp client, because php may run as user 'nobody', which is not the user from your ftp session.
using ini_set() won't work
using ftp_chmod() won't work either

Solution:
copy file to some temorary directory.
delete original file altogether.
copy temporary file back to original location.
do the chmod()
mmj048 at gmail dot com 04-Oct-2007 08:56
If you want to use a string for the second parameter, including user input, you MUST use octdec.

http://www.php.net/octdec
martin at aarhof dot eu 17-Aug-2007 07:15
Just for those peoples can't remeber the codes 777 and so on I just created a small class :-)

<?php

class Chmod
{
   
    private
$dir;
    private
$modes = array('owner' => 0 , 'group' => 0 , 'public' => 0);
   
    public function
setOwnermodes($read,$write,$execute) {
       
$this->modes['owner'] = $this->setMode($read,$write,$execute);
    }
   
    public function
setGroupmodes($read,$write,$execute) {
       
$this->modes['group'] = $this->setMode($read,$write,$execute);
    }

    public function
setPublicmodes($read,$write,$execute) {
       
$this->modes['public'] = $this->setMode($read,$write,$execute);
    }
   
    public function
getMode() {
        return
0 . $this->modes['owner'] . $this->modes['group'] . $this->modes['public'];
    }
   
    private function
setMode($r,$w,$e) {
       
$mode = 0;
        if(
$r) $mode+=4;
        if(
$w) $mode+=2;
        if(
$e) $mode+=1;
        return
$mode;
    }

   
}

$test = new Chmod;
$test->setOwnermodes(true,true,true);
$test->setGroupmodes(true,true,true);
$test->setPublicmodes(true,true,true);
chmod($dir , $test->getMode());
// chmods $dir to 0777
?>
Ambriel_Angel at www dot ambriels dot net/entry 25-Mar-2007 06:00
<?php
error_reporting
(E_ERROR | E_PARSE);
/* Makes is so Directories are not browseable to the public,
removing only the Public = Read permission, while leaving
the other chmod permissions for the file in tact.

If you have exectue already on, and read off, public viewers will only
be able to view files through links, but not browse
around to see what's inside of directories and see what
you've got laying around. */
//-------------------------------------------------------
// Get file mode
// Get file permissions supported by chmod
function getmod($filename) {
  
$val = 0;
  
$perms = fileperms($filename);
  
// Owner; User
  
$val += (($perms & 0x0100) ? 0x0100 : 0x0000); //Read
  
$val += (($perms & 0x0080) ? 0x0080 : 0x0000); //Write
  
$val += (($perms & 0x0040) ? 0x0040 : 0x0000); //Execute
 
   // Group
  
$val += (($perms & 0x0020) ? 0x0020 : 0x0000); //Read
  
$val += (($perms & 0x0010) ? 0x0010 : 0x0000); //Write
  
$val += (($perms & 0x0008) ? 0x0008 : 0x0000); //Execute
 
   // Global; World
  
$val += (($perms & 0x0004) ? 0x0004 : 0x0000); //Read
  
$val += (($perms & 0x0002) ? 0x0002 : 0x0000); //Write
  
$val += (($perms & 0x0001) ? 0x0001 : 0x0000); //Execute

   // Misc
  
$val += (($perms & 0x40000) ? 0x40000 : 0x0000); //temporary file (01000000)
  
$val += (($perms & 0x80000) ? 0x80000 : 0x0000); //compressed file (02000000)
  
$val += (($perms & 0x100000) ? 0x100000 : 0x0000); //sparse file (04000000)
  
$val += (($perms & 0x0800) ? 0x0800 : 0x0000); //Hidden file (setuid bit) (04000)
  
$val += (($perms & 0x0400) ? 0x0400 : 0x0000); //System file (setgid bit) (02000)
  
$val += (($perms & 0x0200) ? 0x0200 : 0x0000); //Archive bit (sticky bit) (01000)

  
return $val;
}

//-------------------------------------------------------
// Find out if file has mode
function hasmod($perms, $permission) {

# User Read = 0400 (256), Write = 0200 (128), Execute = 0100 (64)
# Group Read = 0040 (32), Write = 0020 (16), Execute = 0010 (8)
# Public Read = 0004 (4), Write = 0002 (2), Execute = 0001 (1)

   
return (($perms & $permission) == $permission);
}

//-------------------------------------------------------
// Take the read option off of all the subdirectories of the included path
function pathlock($dir, $listall = false, $testrun = true) {
   echo
"START @ " . date("F j, Y, h:i:s A") . "<br><br>";
   echo (
$testrun ? '**Test Run Activated (no changes will be made).**<br><br>' : '**Live Run Activated.**<br><br>');
   echo
$dir . " is our directory.<br><br>\n";
   echo
"[...IN PROGRESS...]<br><br>";

  
$file_list = '';
  
$stack[] = $dir;
 
   while (
$stack) {
     
$current_dir = array_pop($stack);
      if (
$dh = opendir($current_dir)) {
          while ((
$file = readdir($dh)) !== false) {
              if (
$file !== '.' AND $file !== '..') {
                 
$current_file = "{$current_dir}/{$file}";
               if (
is_dir($current_file)) {
                     
// BEG ADD PATH   
                  
$mode = getmod($current_file);    //Get the mode
                     
$HasPubRead = hasmod($mode,4);
                   if (
$HasPubRead || $listall) {    // Can the public read this dir?
                  //======================================
                   
$ch = true;
                 
$take = 0;
                      
// Change the mode:
                    
if ($HasPubRead) {
                         
$take = 4;         // Value for Public Read. 4 is the same in octal and decimal.
                         
if (!$testrun) {
                             
$ch = chmod($current_file, $mode-$take);
                          }
                      }

                    echo
$current_file . ",current=" . decoct($mode) .
                        ((
$mode!==$mode-$take) ? ",new=" . decoct($mode-$take) : '') .
                        (
$ch ? '' : ',FAILED') . "<br>\n";
                   }
// end if hasmod
                   // END ADD PATH                          
                     
$stack[] = $current_file;
                  }
// if if_dir
             
} //if ($file !== '.' AND $file !== '..')
         
} //while (($file = readdir($dh)) !== false)
     
} //if ($dh = opendir($current_dir))
} // while ($stack)

   
echo "<br>COMPLETE @ " . date("F j, Y, h:i:s A") . "<br>\n";
return;
  
//return $path_list;
} // end function

//-------------------------------------------------------
    //listall Show all folders, even one's we're not going to process?
    //testrun Do a test run without making any changes
   
pathlock($_SERVER["DOCUMENT_ROOT"],false,true); // listall?=false, testrun?=true

?>
redeyeleader 10-Feb-2007 08:05
Here's a version that works with PHP 5.x - I use this to watermark images on a shared server.

<?php
// Connect to the FTP to chmod the file via FTP

$ftpUserName = 'username';
$ftpUserPass = 'userpass';
$ftpServer = 'ftp.example.com';

 
$ftpConn = ftp_connect($ftpServer);
 
  if (!
$ftpConn) {
    die(
"Unable to connect to $ftpServer");
  }

if (@
ftp_login($conn_id, $ftpUserName, $ftpUserPass)) {
   echo
"Connected as $ftpUserName @ $ftpServer";
}
else {
   echo
"Couldn't connect as $ftpUserName";
  
ftp_close($ftpConn);
   die(
"Closed connection to $ftpServer");
}

//Now change permissions to 666 or whatever you need

echo ftp_chmod($ftpConn, 0666, $ftpFilename) ? "CHMOD successful!" : 'Error';

// do what you need here

//Now change permissions back to 644 or whatever
echo ftp_chmod($ftpConn, 0644, $ftpFilename) ? "CHMOD successful!" : 'Error';

// Close the connection
ftp_close($conn_id);
?>
hodgman at ali dot com dot au 17-Jan-2007 09:06
My PHP script refused to delete read-only files (which is probably a good thing), but I couldnt find out how to fix this on windows.

The solution is simple, i just replaced
<?php @unlink( $entry ); ?>
with:
<?php
               
@chmod( $entry, 0777 );
                @
unlink( $entry );
?>

chmod isnt supposed to work on windows, but 0777 seems to clear the read only flag, and 0444 seems to set the read only flag.
info at web-in-time dot eu 04-Jan-2007 01:11
As you might have noticed there is a minor bug in webmaster at danopia dot 5gigs dot com's code:

You have to set $ftp_root variable outside the function chmod_open() and have to set it as global within the chmod_file() function.

With these patches the code really works fine. THX!

Ben
webmaster at danopia dot 5gigs dot com 02-Jan-2007 06:20
Thanks for your code, "imoldgreg at o2 dot co dot uk". I am using it for an instalation script that has to CHMOD a bunch of files. I have found it faster to use the same connectino for each, as shown below.

<?php

// Thanks to "imoldgreg at o2 dot co dot uk" for the base 'CHMOD via FTP' script.

function chmod_open()
{
   
// Use your own FTP info
   
$ftp_user_name = 'chmod@XXXXXXXXX.com';
   
$ftp_user_pass = 'XXXXXXXXXX';
   
$ftp_root = '/';
   
$ftp_server = 'localhost';
   
$conn_id = ftp_connect($ftp_server);
   
$login_result = ftp_login($conn_id, $ftp_user_name, $ftp_user_pass);
    return
$conn_id;
}

function
chmod_file($conn_id, $permissions, $path)
{
    if (
ftp_site($conn_id, 'CHMOD ' . $permissions . ' ' . $ftp_root . $path) !== false)
    {
        return
TRUE;
    }
    else
    {
        return
FALSE;
    }
}

function
chmod_close($conn_id)
{
   
ftp_close($conn_id);
}

// CHMOD the required setup files

// Connect to the FTP
$conn_id = chmod_open();

// CHMOD each file and echo the results
echo chmod_file($conn_id, 777, 'master/cache/') ? 'CHMODed successfully!' : 'Error';
echo
chmod_file($conn_id, 777, 'master/files/') ? 'CHMODed successfully!' : 'Error';
echo
chmod_file($conn_id, 777, 'master/store/') ? 'CHMODed successfully!' : 'Error';
echo
chmod_file($conn_id, 766, 'master/config.php') ? 'CHMODed successfully!' : 'Error';
echo
chmod_file($conn_id, 777, 'master/images/avatars/upload/') ? 'CHMODed successfully!' : 'Error';

// Close the connection
chmod_close($conn_id);

?>

Here, the same FTP connection is used for each CHMOD command, making the execute time lower. This is essential for me, since my script is also copying a bunch of files.
imoldgreg at o2 dot co dot uk 30-Nov-2006 05:32
an update to 'neil at 11 out of 10's code for changing mode using FTP.

changes: proper array added within the function (better for those of us who only need to connect to one ftp server) so only the mode and directory name need to be passed.

the octal added, for completeness and predictable stability.

<?php
function changemode($xcite)
{
$ftp_details = array(
ftp_user_name => 'username',
ftp_user_pass => 'password',
ftp_user_root => '/public_html/',
ftp_server => 'ftp.something.org'
);

$path = "public";
$mod = intval($xcite, 8);

  
// extract ftp details (array keys as variable names)
  
extract ($ftp_details);
  
  
// set up basic connection
  
$conn_id = ftp_connect($ftp_server);
  
  
// login with username and password
  
$login_result = ftp_login($conn_id, $ftp_user_name, $ftp_user_pass);
  
  
// try to chmod $path directory
  
if (ftp_site($conn_id, 'CHMOD '.$mod.' '.$ftp_root.$path) !== false) {
      
$success=TRUE;
   }
   else {
      
$success=FALSE;
   }

  
// close the connection
  
ftp_close($conn_id);
    return
$success;
}

?>

for those of you, like me, who were looking for a way to make an 'un-hackable' uploader, here's the closest i got, now for a field test, good luck!
NeoSmart Technologies 25-Jul-2006 03:08
The program mentioned below (CHMOD-Win) has been rewritten since, and CHMOD-Win version 3.0 is available for download at http://neosmart.net/dl.php?id=4

It is a conversion utility for CHMOD on Windows and ACL on Linux, comes in handy for installing commercial scripts or defining security policies.
neil at 11 out of 10 11-Apr-2006 12:20
If you get a warning like chmod(): Operation not permitted in /home/folder/public_html/admin/includefiles/fileupload.php on line 24

You can use the ftp_site() function to send a CHMOD command through.
<?php

$ftp_details
['ftp_user_name'] = $row['username'];
$ftp_details['ftp_user_pass'] = $row['password'];
$ftp_details['ftp_root'] = '/public_html/';
$ftp_details['ftp_server'] = 'ftp'.$_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'];

function
chmod_11oo10($path, $mod, $ftp_details)
{
   
// extract ftp details (array keys as variable names)
   
extract ($ftp_details);
   
   
// set up basic connection
   
$conn_id = ftp_connect($ftp_server);
   
   
// login with username and password
   
$login_result = ftp_login($conn_id, $ftp_user_name, $ftp_user_pass);
   
   
// try to chmod $path directory
   
if (ftp_site($conn_id, 'CHMOD '.$mod.' '.$ftp_root.$path) !== false) {
       
$success=TRUE;
    }
    else {
       
$success=FALSE;
    }

   
// close the connection
   
ftp_close($conn_id);
    return
$success;
}
?>
The key thing to remember is that the document root and the ftp root are not the same.
e.g. document root may be "/home/folder/public_html/"
but the ftp root might be "/public_html/"

Hope this helps someone.  You might need this solution if you are on a shared server.
memp 22-Aug-2005 03:04
If you are storing your mode in a variable like

$mode = 0755;

you will run into the inevitable octal mode problem.  An easy way around that is to use the octdec() function.

chmod("some_filename.ext", octdec($mode));
masha at mail dot ru 10-Jul-2005 09:23
Usefull reference:

Value    Permission Level
400    Owner Read
200    Owner Write
100    Owner Execute
40    Group Read
20    Group Write
10    Group Execute
4    Global Read
2    Global Write
1    Global Execute

(taken from http://www.onlamp.com/pub/a/php/2003/02/06/php_foundations.html)
alex at feidesign dot com 01-Apr-2005 04:20
If you cannot chmod files/directories with PHP because of safe_mode restrictions, but you can use FTP to chmod them, simply use PHP's FTP-functions (eg. ftp_chmod or ftp_site) instead. Not as efficient, but works.
info at rvgate dot nl 02-Feb-2005 05:12
When using ftp_rawlist, in order to get the chmod number from the attributes, i use this code:

<?php
function chmodnum($mode) {
   
$realmode = "";
   
$legal =  array("","w","r","x","-");
   
$attarray = preg_split("//",$mode);
    for(
$i=0;$i<count($attarray);$i++){
        if(
$key = array_search($attarray[$i],$legal)){
           
$realmode .= $legal[$key];
        }
    }
   
$mode = str_pad($realmode,9,'-');
   
$trans = array('-'=>'0','r'=>'4','w'=>'2','x'=>'1');
   
$mode = strtr($mode,$trans);
   
$newmode = '';
   
$newmode .= $mode[0]+$mode[1]+$mode[2];
   
$newmode .= $mode[3]+$mode[4]+$mode[5];
   
$newmode .= $mode[6]+$mode[7]+$mode[8];
    return
$newmode;
}
?>
some examples:

drwxr-xr-x => 755
drwxr-xr-x => 755
dr-xr-xr-x => 555
drwxr-xr-x => 755
drwxr-xr-x => 755
drwxr-xr-x => 755
drwxr-xr-x => 755
drwxrwxrwt => 776
drwxr-xr-x => 755
drwxr-xr-x => 755
lrwxrwxrwx => 777

used some of already posted code...
haasje at welmers dot net 27-Nov-2004 12:09
For recursive chmod'ing see the function below.
Only really usefull when chmod'ing a tree containing directories only, jet, since you don't want an executable bit on a regular file. Who completes the function so it's accepting strings like "g+w", and it's as usefull as unix "chmod -R" ? ;-)

<?php

function chmod_R($path, $filemode) {
    if (!
is_dir($path))
       return
chmod($path, $filemode);

   
$dh = opendir($path);
    while (
$file = readdir($dh)) {
        if(
$file != '.' && $file != '..') {
           
$fullpath = $path.'/'.$file;
            if(!
is_dir($fullpath)) {
              if (!
chmod($fullpath, $filemode))
                 return
FALSE;
            } else {
              if (!
chmod_R($fullpath, $filemode))
                 return
FALSE;
            }
        }
    }
 
   
closedir($dh);
   
    if(
chmod($path, $filemode))
      return
TRUE;
    else
      return
FALSE;
}
?>
PerfectWeb 22-Nov-2004 07:58
As noted by others below... 1) you cannot pass a string to chmod() as the mode, and 2) decimals work as well as octals for the mode.

If you need to come up with the mode on the fly (maybe based on user input) and want to use something like:

$mode = '0'.$owner.$group.$public;

you can use your $mode (which is a string) with chmod like this:

<?php
 
// octal mode in a string i.e. '0755'
 
$mode = '0'.$owner.$group.$public;

 
$mode_dec = octdec($mode);    // convert octal mode to decimal
 
chmod($filename, $mode_dec);
?>
fernando at gym-group dot com 12-Nov-2004 07:10
about chmod,
Problably you have a local server to simulate your scripts before upload them to the server. No matter if you use Apache under windows or IIS ,  a chmod instruction like chmod($filename,O777) may not work because windows does not handle that kind of permission's format.
So being in your local server, if you have a only read file and you try to erase, it will show that you dont have permissions even when you have already executed your chmod instrucction correctly. Just up the script it must work well in your internet server if it is a linux machine

sobre chmod,
Probablemente usas un servidor local para probar tus scripts antes de subirlos al servidor en internet. No importa si usas Apache bajo windows o IIS, una instruccion como chmod(nombre_archivo,O777) podrá no trabajar por que windows no maneja esa estructura para definir los permisos.
Estando en tu servidor local, si tienes un archivo de solo lectura y tratas de borrarlo,  se mostrará un error diciendo que no tienes permisos aún despúes de haber ejecutado chmod correctamente. Sube tu script, si tu servidor es una máquina linux, el script trabajará sin problemas en internet.

Fernando Yepes C.
Oliver Hankeln 01-Jul-2004 08:21
Well, you don't need octals.
You need a value that can easily computed and remembered if printed in octal.
511 (decimal) is the same as 777 (octal).
So it's the same wether you write
chmod("foo",511)
or
chmod("foo",0777)

The latter is just better readable.
raven_25041980 at yahoo dot com 24-May-2004 10:45
If you have a mode as a string, chmod will insanely mess up your permissions. Instead of using

<?php

@chmod($file_or_dir_name, $mode);

?>

use

<?php

@chmod(file_or_dir_name, intval($mode, 8));

?>

where 8 -> the base to convert into. You need octals, baby, for chmod...

More on intval here: http://www.php.net/manual/en/function.intval.php
agrenier at assertex dot com 02-Apr-2004 05:17
If you find that chmod does not work on your file and that a new file cannot be created, first try to chmod the directory where the file is being created to 0666/0777. Then PHP should be able to write/append files with mode 0644.
agrenier at assertex dot com 02-Apr-2004 05:11
This function will chmod a $filename before writing to it if:

1 - It exists
2 - It is not writeable
3 - PHP has permission to chmod files

If PHP can't chmod, then the script will end. Otherwise it will attempt to write to a new file.

<?php

   
function file_write($filename, $flag, &$content) {
        if (
file_exists($filename)) {
            if (!
is_writable($filename)) {
                if (!
chmod($filename, 0666)) {
                     echo
"Cannot change the mode of file ($filename)";
                     exit;
                };
            }
        }
        if (!
$fp = @fopen($filename, $flag)) {
            echo
"Cannot open file ($filename)";
            exit;
        }
        if (
fwrite($fp, $content) === FALSE) {
            echo
"Cannot write to file ($filename)";
            exit;
        }
        if (!
fclose($fp)) {
            echo
"Cannot close file ($filename)";
            exit;
        }
    }

?>
Jazeps Basko 27-Jan-2004 07:37
To convert 'rwxr-xr--' to a number representation of chmod, i use this:
<?php
   
function chmodnum($mode) {
       
$mode = str_pad($mode,9,'-');
       
$trans = array('-'=>'0','r'=>'4','w'=>'2','x'=>'1');
       
$mode = strtr($mode,$trans);
       
$newmode = '';
       
$newmode .= $mode[0]+$mode[1]+$mode[2];
       
$newmode .= $mode[3]+$mode[4]+$mode[5];
       
$newmode .= $mode[6]+$mode[7]+$mode[8];
        return
$newmode;
    }
?>
pmichaud at pobox dot com 19-Apr-2003 03:45
In the previous post, stickybit avenger writes:
    Just a little hint. I was once adwised to set the 'sticky bit', i.e. use 1777 as chmod-value...

Note that in order to set the sticky bit on a file one must use '01777' (oct) and not '1777' (dec) as the parameter to chmod:

<?php
    chmod
("file",01777);   // correct
    
chmod("file",1777);    // incorrect, same as chmod("file",01023), causing no owner permissions!
?>

Rule of thumb: always prefix octal mode values with a zero.
sticky bit avenger 12-Mar-2003 03:30
Just a little hint. I was once adwised to set the 'sticky bit', i.e. use 1777 as chmod-value. Do NOT do this if you don't have root privileges. When 'sticky bit' is set ONLY the fileuser can delete it afterwards, typically 'httpd' or something like that in case of an upload-script for example. I was unaware of this and actually had to make a script for deleting these files as I could not do this from ftp/ssh even though I did have read/write/execute access to both files and folders. Use simply '0777' or similiar.
Half-Dead at nospam dot com 08-Nov-2002 02:42
[Editor's note:
That is due the fact Win32 systems treat premissions. You do not really have any other levels but read-only.

Maxim]


On WinME with apache chmod also works to a certain limit.

What happens is that apparently only the first number is counted, so 0666 (read-write) is the same as 0777, 0644, 0600, etc, and 0444 (read-only) is the same as 477, 400, etc.

..didn't test 0500 series
FF7Cayn at gmx dot de 27-Oct-2001 05:09
It does work on Windows.
I use Win 98 with the Sambar Server.
The only chmods allowed are the 775 and 666 mod. 775 for non-writeable and 666 for writeable. The only thing is that the usergroups doesn't work.
Note: the 0 at the start doesn't work with windows. use only the decimal kind.
Have fun :)
jon at zend dot com 15-Oct-2001 08:37
if 'mode' is held in a variable and is and octal value you need to convert it to decimal before passing it to the function:
chmod ($filename, octdec($mode))
gnettles2 at home dot com 24-Aug-2001 11:20
Usually when you're trying to write to af file, you'll need to chmod the file to something like 666 or 755. You can use a command to chmod the file for you, which is especially useful when you're making a script where you're setting it up so that your users don't have to peform a bunch of actions to setup the script. When i wrote my news program script, I only had two files. install.php and config.php. All you had to do was chmod install.php to 666 and open it up in a web browser and answer a few questions. The script itself setup the rest of the files and chmodded them for you.

 
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